Children’s oncohematology

In small patients with a treacherous disease, the complexity of the treatment is complemented by the fact that along with the rapid development of the organism, the tumor formations are rapidly developing. That is why rapid and timely diagnosis is at the heart of the life-saving approach.

The most common cancers in children are:

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • These types of cancer develop very quickly and are accompanied by pain in bones and joints, fatigue, weakness, fever, weight loss.
  • Tumors of the brain and central nervous system.
  • Symptoms are: headache, nausea, vomiting, lightheaded or double vision. Difficulty walking and retention of objects.
  • Neuroblastoma – the causes of its occurrence are predominantly hereditary.
  • There are four forms depending on the cell type and localization.

Rarely affects children over 10 years of age, babies and young children is commonplace. Symptoms depend on localization of metastases. The first and the second stage have a high success rate of treatment by surgery and radiotherapy. The next stages are quite difficult to master. Diagnosis is as follows: blood, urine, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, tumor biopsy, and histological examination.

The treatment of neuroblastoma is by radiotherapy, chemotherapy, top-level surgery. The advantages of robotic surgery are hard to quantify, but the most important are: less pain, minimal risk of infections, three-dimensional and enlarged images during surgery to help protect the blood vessels and nerves.

Other more common diagnoses in contemporary childhood oncology are: Villmas tumor or nephroblastoma, retinoblastoma, osteosarcoma.

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