Research and diagnosis begin from the earliest stage – intrauterine if, after tests carried out on the fetus, it appears that it needs surgery. It requires advanced equipment, as well as specialists who have great experience in this field and are highly practical.
Transfusion syndrome – Can occur between twins – the two children are connected through a common placenta, thus exchanging blood. This condition occurs when unbalanced blood is exchanged between them (pathological vascular anastomosis). In such a case, interruption of vascular connections is required by coagulation and discontinuation of the pathological exchange of blood between the twins. It works in the baby’s fruit bag, which has the larger amniotic fluid. It enters endoscopically in the uterus with a camera, traces where the vascular connections are and then through the laser are coagulated. The danger of this condition is higher when it occurs in the early stages of pregnancy. This transfusion syndrome belongs – Transfusion from the fetus to the mother; Transfusion from mother to fetus.
Fetoscopy – It’s done between the 20th and the 24th week from the beginning of the last cycle. Applies only to women who have a child with disabilities or pregnant women whose families have cases of severe hereditary illness. This method allows to examine the fruit directly through the uterus. After placing a local anesthetic, a thin mini-tube fitted with optical instruments is inserted through the abdominal wall. This review serves for: detecting physical disabilities, especially on the face, arms and legs; sampling for testing of samples from various tissues, such as skin or liver; taking a sample of fetal blood for the detection of blood diseases or metabolic diseases that can be treated at an early stage.